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Training and Education at Plasma Focus Lab


Related Training Activities:




  • Joint ITER-IAEA-ICTP Advanced Workshop on Fusion and Plasma Physics, Collaboration(s): Participation and sponsorship of the Institute for Plasma Physics and Laser Microfusion, Poland, is gratefully acknowledged. Organizer(s): IAEA: G. Mank (FZJ, Jülich, Germany), R. Kamendje (IAEA, Vienna, Austria). D. Campbell (ITER, St. Paul -lez -Durance, France). P.K. Shukla (Ruhr-Univ., Bochum, Germany). ICTP: J. Niemela (ICTP). 3 October - 14 October; E-mail:


  2009   2008

PhD Thesis:

  • “Possible use of Plasma Focus Device as neutron source for biomedical applications (Boron Neutron Capture Therapy)”. PhD student: Maridelin Ramos Aruca, CEADEN, Havana, Cuba. Supervisors: Prof. Claudio Tuniz, ICTP, Trieste, Italy; Prof. Gianrossano Giannini, INFN, Trieste, Italy; Dr. Eunice Olive, CEADEN, Havana, Cuba; and Prof. Vladimir Gribkov, Moscow, Russian Federation.

Diagnostics Involved and Training Possibilities: 

Plasma-Focus, as already proved in several countries, is also an excellent tool for the training of young scientists in various aspects of plasma generation and diagnostics, namely:

  • modern pulsed-power technology (of medium voltage and energy range) with voltage and current measurements (magnetic probes, Rogowski coils, etc.);

  • registration of fast-varying (ns time scale) signals in harsh environment;

  • passive optical diagnostics of plasmas like: spectroscopy (from infrared through visible to soft X-ray range), fast optical frame cameras and streak cameras (ns and ps scale) for plasma pictures recording;

  • active optical plasma diagnostics using small lasers like: interferometry, shadowgraphy, schlierenography, holography and polarimetry;

  • detection of soft and hard X-rays emission using a variety of methods (pin-diodes, semiconductor detectors, modern Geiger-Muller counters, etc.);

  • detection of electron and ion beams using Cerenkov detectors, Thompson-parabola analysers, track detector technique, etc.;

  • detection of neutrons (with e.g. silver or indium activation counters, scintillator-photomultiplier systems, bubble detectors, nuclear emulsions, etc.) and neutron spectra investigations using the time-of-flight method.

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